Thursday, August 23, 2007

Chiang Dao National Park

Chiang Dao is the ridge of mountain of Doi Chiang Dao and Pha Dang. This is the same area of Chian Dao Wild Animals Protection Area and Sri Lanna National Park which namely the Chiang Dao National Park. The forest of the northern part of Thailand is the source of Ping river and Mae Tang river or so called "Khun Nam Ping and Khun Nam Mae Tang" which are located in the National Conservation Forest of Chiang Dao, Amphur Viang Haeg, Amphur Chiang Dao and Forest Conservation of Mae Fang river in Amphur Fang, Chiang Mai province. Geographic here is the complexity of mountains and has the fertile forest. The natural highlights of this national park are Sri Sangwan waterfall, Pang Tong waterfall, Nivet Hold of Water, Krab cave, Tab Tao cave, Doi Pha Tang and Doi Bha Dang which you can make a sightseeing at the top of mountain. Additional, this area also had been found the interesting historical evidence. The national park covered area totally about 1,123.336 square kilometers or 702,085 rais was established on November 2, 2000.

The area, in general, consists of complicated mountains. The main mountains in the east part, almost sedimentary rock, are Doi Thumglab, Doi Huatoe, Doi Khunhuay Sai, Doi Phadang, Doi Thum Ngob and Doi Danfak. The main mountains in the west part, covered by forest, are Doi Khampra, Doi Pukphukka, Doi Lekjee, Doi Sankiew-khompra, Doi Kiew Who Lom, Doi Tuay and Doi Yang klor. In the middle of the high mountain ranges, north and south between Huay Mae Jok and Hnong Kheaw Village, is the low-land which has low mountains, for examples, Doi Thummyung and Doi Khunpao. And in the west part, the highest area about 400-1,800 meters above sea level, has Doi Pukphukka, about 1,794 meters above sea level, be the highest mountain. There is heavy rain because the area is influenced by southwestern monsoon.

The temperature is quite hot in summer and cold in winter with the lowest temperature about 7.5 degrees Celsius, and the highest temperature about 26.7 degrees Celsius. There is heavy rain in rainy season approximately 1,838.5 mm. of rain all the year round with the heaviest rain in August.

The area has not been suffered by the weather except some time in winter which has heavily windy rain come with hail in which can destroy the local orchard and cause wild water blowing down heavily. The wild water is too much so that can damage the communication in the area and the nearby area.

Flora and Fauna
The area consists of complicated mountain range and productive forest which is the source of water. In the semi-evergreen forest, montane forest and pine forest has the valuable plants such as wild champak, Yang, Malabar ironwood, baleric myrobalan, cinnamon tree, pine, Heang (a kind of Dipterocarpus obtusifolius) and eng. And in the mixed forest and deciduous forest has the valuable plants such as Burmese ebony, ironwood, Tabak (a kind of Lagerstroemia), Yorpar (a kind of Rubiaceae), Sela (a kind of Lagerstroemia), Chittagong wood, ingyin, Siamese sal, myobalan wood, Tiew (a kind of Catoxylum), many kinds of bamboo and grass, etc.

The area is in the same forest of Chiang Dao Animal Reservation, Chiang Dao District, so that make it be the habitat of valuable animals such as goral, wild boar, barking deer, banteng, guar, porcupine, langur, palm civet, squirrel, chipmunk, many kinds of bird and reptile. And the amphibians found near river are many kinds of frog, toad.